A Guide to Neuromuscular Dentistry
Neuromuscular dental practice is a dental treatment that deals with aligning of the jaws. Determining the most suitable position of the jaws and the contact of the upper and lower teeth are among the things a neuromuscular professional is required to do to correct misalignment of jaws. Recontouring of tooth, cosmetic dental restorations and orthodontics are the various ways used by dentists to realign teeth with an effort of doing away with the pain associated with the temporomandibular joint disorder by allowing jaw muscles to be relaxed.
Discovery of the neuromuscular dental practice was brought about by the study of the human jaws both upper and lower. It was not enough to study the upper and lower jaws only hence other parts like the nerves, teeth, muscles and two temporomandibular joints were also examined. High tech equipment was used in locating the most suitable position of the lower jaw where the jaw muscles were comfortable. From the theory of neuromuscular when temporomandibular joints, teeth and jaw muscles are not aligned, there is an increased chance of occurrence of the temporomandibular disorder symptoms.
Temporomandibular disorder symptoms can be treated when the dentist examines the condition and position of the jaw joints of the patient by using some techniques. Electromyography applied where the relaxed and stressed positions of the patient’s jaw muscles and also structural deformations in the jaw joint need to be identified and joint vibration analysis and/or sonography detect any abnormalities that may be present by recording sounds in the jaw joint in addition to digital radiographs and carrying out X-rays are some of the methods used.
Computerized equipment for recording any movements of the jaw joint that may be detected, resting position of the jaw and its closing are among the diagnostic technologies used in neuromuscular dental practice. When diagnosis has been done by use of the above mentioned technologies, and it has been found that the jaws are actually misaligned, the neuromuscular dentist should offer to assist in rectifying the exact cause of the problem whether it is as a result of the position of the muscle, tooth or jaw joint.
Use of Ultra less Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Neural Stimulation to relax jaw muscles by placing electrodes on areas of the shoulder, neck and jaw that allow mild electrical stimulation to be transmitted is a remedy for spasm and muscle pain.
The Dentist may be required to perform orthodontic work and do dental restorations to ensure good alignment while stabilizing a person’s bite is accomplished by use of a mouth guard or splint. Location and skills of the dentist, condition of the patient and necessary producers and dental insurance are the factors that will dictate how much a patient will be required to pay. Treatment cost of the patient will be determined by factors such as patient’s dental insurance, their condition and procedures required and expertise and location of the dentist.
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